Population Characteristics in Northwest OregonFebruary 13, 2020
As a region, the five counties of Northwest Oregon (Benton, Clatsop, Columbia, Lincoln and Tillamook) generally had fewer children and mid-career working-age adults than did the state as a whole. By the same token, there were relatively more older teens, college-age adults, and senior residents in the area than in the state. There was one exception to this condition: the region had about the same percentage of adults over the age of 85 as did the state. The data are from the 2014-2018 American Community Survey by the Census Bureau.
The situation is more varied when the distribution for each county is examined. Clatsop and Columbia counties are more similar to the statewide distribution of age than the other counties. Lincoln and Tillamook counties are similar in that they have fewer young and middle-age people and more older people than the state. The most striking difference with Benton County was the large number of people ages 15 to 19 and 20 to 24 living there due to the presence of Oregon State University. The counties were most similar in their share of children under age 5 and adults over age 85.
Clatsop and Columbia counties had relatively more young children than other counties in the region and, along with Benton County, were close to the state on the number of older seniors. Clatsop and Columbia counties generally differed from the state’s age distribution by less than 1 percentage point for youth 19 years and under. Columbia County differed the most from the state by having relatively fewer young adults ages 20 to 34 than did the state. The county is just developing a community college, which may influence that age group. Clatsop County was close to the state in many age categories; it simply tended to have a little fewer people under the age of 55 and more people over that age.
Lincoln and Tillamook counties had clear differences from the state’s population distribution. The two counties uniformly had relatively more people age 55 and older than the state did and fewer people under age 55. Lincoln County especially differed from the state, and it differed by larger amounts than the other counties except for Benton. Of the 13 age groups, Lincoln County had 10 groups that differed by 1 percentage point or more from the state’s distribution.
Of these five counties in Northwest Oregon, the age distributions of Benton County differed most from the state’s distribution. Benton County’s difference was due to students at Oregon State University. People ages 20 through 24 made up 16.4 percent of the county’s total population versus 6.5 percent of the statewide population.
An important workforce difference between this region and the state is that every county in it has a smaller proportion than the state of adults ages 25 to 44. Whether it is a lack of work opportunities, cultural amenities or some other factor, the region is not attracting early-career workers as well as other areas.
The different age distributions between the counties reflect their locations, cultural and educational opportunities and economies. Older adults and retirees may choose to live along the coast for its natural beauty. Families in Columbia County are able to take advantage of job opportunities in the nearby Portland and Longview-Kelso labor market areas. Students, faculty and staff are drawn to Benton County and Oregon State. But over the past several decades the region has had difficulty generating a sufficient number of family wage jobs and affordable homes to retain workers with dependents. Many young people have moved to large metro areas where jobs are in greater abundance.
Race and Ethnicity
Before discussing the race and ethnic makeup of Northwest Oregon, it is important to mention a few points. First, respondents to the survey were given the option of specifying one racial category or more than one racial category (White, Black, American Indian, Asian, Pacific Islander, other). In other words, respondents could classify themselves as belonging to two or more races. Second, the survey breaks out the population by ethnic categories (Hispanic, not Hispanic) in addition to racial categories. Finally, all racial data from the survey is self-reported. Respondents decide with which racial and ethnic group they want to be identified.
Despite these caveats, it is still true that the region’s population remains primarily white and not Hispanic although the percentages of minorities and Hispanics have increased in recent years. About 89 percent of the region’s population identified themselves as white alone, compared with the statewide average of 84 percent, and 92 percent of the region’s residents classified themselves as not Hispanic compared with 87 percent for the state.
The number of Hispanics in the region has increased. In 1980, Hispanics were 1.6 percent of the population. This increased to 2.0 percent in 1990, to 4.3 percent in 2000 and to 8 percent in the 2014 to 2018 period. This increase has been dramatic in Tillamook County. Hispanics were 1.1 percent of the population in 1980; they had increased to 5.1 percent of the population by 2000 and to 10 percent in the 2014 to 2018.